שם: נטלי סלהוב
תופעת המחבלות המתאבדות
" The framing of the Female Martyr "
שיוך: המרכז הבינתחומי הרצליה
בעלת תואר מוסמך בממשל ודיפלומטיה במרכז הבינתחומי בהרצליה
שנת פרסום: 2010
שם המנחה: ד"ר יהונתן פיין וד"ר בועז גנור
The onset of women as perpetrators of suicide attacks signifies the ever-changing dynamic of modern terrorism. Efforts to explain this particular trend indicate the widely held disbelief over women who choose self-immolation over motherhood or marriage. Debate exists over whether the moral and ideological imperative of women, who align with acts of martyrdom, deserves recognition in ant-terrorist research. Investigation addressing legitimisation of female martyrdom, as located in religious belief, is essential for gaining an understanding of the cultural value of certain practices of female suicide terrorism, particularly those represented by Islamic fundamentalist groups. This research analyses classic Islamic references and modern discussions on female martyrdom and female militancy, specifically those given by the communities of such perpetrators of suicide terrorism. The Palestinian trend in female suicide terrorism is considered, given the diverse discourse presented by local religious Islamic authorities and both secular and religious radical Palestinian groups on the topic. By investigating the qualitative aspects of religious discourse, the work assesses the presentation of such terms in medieval discourse and modern-day Muslim communities. Classic references to women, war and militancy are inconsistent and do not denote a specific role to female martyrdom. In contrast, recent discussions on Palestinian female suicide bombers by radical figures portray innovative ideological stands on female militancy, and specific links between woman and martyrdom. The modern ‘framing’ of the female martyr is apparent, whereby presentations of female militancy align with heroism and religious devotion. Given the prevalence of female martyrdom in religious discourse in the public realm, this research presents a vital area of consideration for anti-terrorism addressing religious terrorism.